Eesti Lipp
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Abessive / Ilmaütlev

The Abessive/Ilmaütlev represents "without something, without someone"

Add ta to the genitive form

[without whom?] [without what?]
kelleta? milleta?

The following four nouns are declined in the Abessive/Ilmaütlev case:

Book Room Bridge Boat
raamatuta toata sillata paadita


The abessive case is almost always preceded by ilma. The abessive suffix (ta) is only added to the noun.

Me läksime linna ilma rahata. [without what?]
Ta jäi ilma piimata [without what?]